Security Analysis by Benjamin Graham and Dodd - Notes ebook pdf

Security Analysis, the revolutionary book on fundamental analysis and investing, was first published in 1934, following unprecedented losses on Wall Street.

Benjamin Graham and David Dodd chided Wall Street for its myopic focus on a company's reported earnings per share (eps), and were particularly harsh on the favored "earnings trends." They encouraged investors to take an entirely different approach by estimating the rough value of the operating business that lay behind the security. They have given actual examples of the market's tendency to irrationally under-value certain out-of-favor stocks.

The book is must read for any Stock Market Investor, fundamental analyst or equity research professional.  

Stocks to Buy in 2012: Broker's Report

Unicon Investment, a broker in Indian Stock Market, has recommended its top 10 stock picks for new year 2012. The list includes SBI , Yes Bank , Coal India , Jindal Steel & Power, BHEL, Larsen and Toubro, Opto Circuits India , Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone , Eros International Media and United Phosphorous. 

Indian Stock Market Performance: 10 Years History

SENSEX and NIFTY, the benchmark indices of Indian stock market, has performed very well in last decade in spite of it's under performance in last 2 - 3 years. In 1998 the NIFTY index was at 884 which went to as high as 6138 in 2007 and then fell to 4624 level in 2011.

Just to summarize the absolute returns generated by the NIFTY index over the last decade, following is the year wise Index closing levels and return generated since 2001.

Tata Steel 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

Tata Steel (TISCO), India's largest private sector integrated steel producer, has submitted the annual report for the fiscal year 2010 - 2011 to the stock exchanges. Use the following link to download in the PDF format. TISCO Annual Report 2011

Axis Bank 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

AXIS Bank, one of the fastest growing large private sector bank in India, has submitted the annual report for the fiscal year 2010 - 2011 to the stock exchanges. Use the following link to download it in the PDF format. Axis Bank Annual Report 2011

SAIL 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), India's largest integrated steel producer, has published the annual report for the year 2010 - 2011 to the stock exchanges.

Use the following link to download the report in PDF format. SAIL Annual Report 2011

Bharti Airtel 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

Bharti Airtel, India's largest mobile service carrier having presence in 19 countries across the world, has submitted the annual report for the financial year 2010 - 2011 to the stock exchanges.

Use the following link to download the annual report in PDF format. Airtel 2011 Annual Report

HDFC 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

Housing Development and Finance Corporation (HDFC), India's largest real estate mortgage finance company, has published the annual report for the financial year 2011. Use the following Link to directly download it in PDF format. HDFC Annual Report

HDFC Bank 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

HDFC Bank, India's most valued private sector bank in terms of market capitalisation, has published the annual report for the year 2011. Use the following link to download the report in PDF format. HDFC Bank 2011 Annual Report

ICICI Bank 2010 - 2011 Annual Report: PDF

ICICI Bank Ltd, India's largest private sector bank in terms of loan portfolio, has published the annual report for the year 2011. Use the following link to download it in the PDF format. ICICI Bank Annual Report 2011

Rakesh Jhunjhunwala Portfolio 2012

Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, the billionaire investor, is no longer a dollar billionaire at least at the start of 2012, partly because of steep fall in the prices of his shares and partly due to rupee depreciation.

His portfolio has taken a serious beating in 2011, specially in the month of December when some of his favourite stock are down somewhere between 20 to 35 percent.

VIP Industries, a big chunk of his portfolio is down around 35% in december alone. Other losers include Provogue India, Subex, Reliance broadcast Network, Aptech and Delta Corp, all of which are down 20-25%. As per the insider news, the investor has been selling his positions recently to cover for losses from loss-making silver trades. However when asked about this, Jhunjhunwala termed those rumors baseless. 

Opportunity to make 2.5% in 5 days

Considering the recent development in IT sector and the technical setup of IT stocks, there is a good opportunity to make 2.5 percent return in next 5 days using the following trade:
 
Trade: Sell TCS Dec 1200 call at 5.00 premium
Lot Size of TCS: 250
Total premium collection: 250 * 5.00 = Rs. 1250
Brokerage and other costs: Rs. 60
Net Earning = Rs. 1190
Margin required (in cash or stocks) for 1 lot= Rs. 42,000
Total return: 1190/42000 * 100 = 2.83%
Risk: The trade will result in loss beyond 1205. For every rupee rise above this level there will be a loss of Rs. 250 on each lot.

Justification of the trade:
1. The recent development on anti outsourcing of call centre jobs from US will continue to put pressure on Technology stocks. Overseas the share of Cognizant, Accenture and others have corrected 5% or more in one trading session.

Nifty forms Head & Shoulder Pattern: Breakdown confirmed

# The Nifty index made a fresh 2 year low to close at 4651 levels on Friday, 16th Dec 2011.

# The breakdown happened on huge volumes and strong momentum on the downside.

# The head and shoulder pattern, as visible in the chart below, confirms the breakdown.

# The index is significantly below the short term (20 DMA) and long term (200 DMA) moving averages.

Rakesh Jhunjhunwala Stock Picking Mantra

Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, the only billionaire equity investor in India, is famous for his unmatched stock picking capability. 

In the following Interview he uncovers his stock picking mantra. 

Impact of Interest Rate on GDP

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has hiked repo rates by 375 bps since March, 2010 to curb inflation primarily by reducing demand in the system. Consequently inflation has got moderated, but such a massive increase in rates over short span of time has affected the economic growth significantly.

There is an interesting co-relation between GDP growth and repo rate hikes. Repo is the rate at which banks borrow from the RBI to meet their liquidity requirement. Currently, it is at 8.25%.

GDP growth is inversely proportional to repo rates, as can be seen from the chart below. When we compare the repo rate with the GDP growth in the period between Q4FY10 and Q2FY12, whenever there was a policy rate hike, GDP growth dropped. 

Indian Rupee hits all time low against US dollar: Indian Stock Market crash possible

The Indian rupee (INR) today hit its lifetime low of 52.84/85 against the dollar (USD) as demand for the US currency soared amid signs of FIIs pulling out money in the wake negative growth in industrial production in October. In the forex market, the rupee opened lower at 52.09/10 a dollar and dropped further to finish at all-time record low at 52.84/85, down 81 paise, or 1.56% from its previous close.

In the article dated 9th Sep 2011 titled 5 year USD INR Chart, InvestorZclub predicted that the rupee would continue to stay weak due to unfavourable factors, which were clearly visible in the chart.

The currency fall is not at all good for our economy and stock markets and might lead to derating of the premium valuation multiple that we have been enjoying since past few years due to consistent 8% plus GDP growth. But now as growth is expected to slow down significantly in FY 13 it is almost certain that we no longer deserve premium valuation and should trade at multiples similar to our asian peers. 

FDI in Retail put on hold: Sell Pantaloon Retail, CESC

We have demonstrated yet another example of how India inspite of tremendous potential could not outpace china because of the way things are done here.

After days of negotiating with opposition and allies over the issue of allowing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in retail, the government today put the controversial issue on hold. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banarjee, whose party Trinamool Congress is strongly opposed to the decision, made an announcement in Kolkata that Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee spoke to her and told her that the FDI decision has been "suspended". 

India Q2 FY 2011-2012 GDP growth below 7 percent

Indian economy grew by just 6.9% in the second quarter of the 2011-12 financial year, breaking below the 7% mark. Q1 GDP was at 7.7%.

The government has projected overall economic growth in the current fiscal at around 8.5%, while the Reserve Bank has projected the growth to moderate to 8% from 8.5% in FY'11. But the current quarter GDP suggest that we might not be able to achieve even 7% GDP in current financial year.

Manufacturing sector grew by 2.7% while Construction sector grew by 4.3% vs 6.7% (y-o-y). Mining went down by -2.9%. 

GAIL enters SENSEX, replaces Jaiprakash Associate

Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), India largest gas distribution company, will replace Jaiprakash Associate in SENSEX, the 30 stock benchmark index of BSE, from 9th Dec 2011.

JP Associate has been a significant under performer since past 1 year and has lost significant market capitalization, which has compelled it to be moved out of the India's most tracked index.

At the current market price of Rs.60 the market value of JP Associate stands at Rs. 12,900 crores.

GAIL on the other hand has the current market capitalization of Rs. 48,700 crores, almost four times the size of JP Associate. 

Trading Strategy of the Month: Sell Bharti Airtel 440 Call of December Expiry

For InvestorZclub readers, this month's trading idea is a little bit conservative due to the fact that the markets across the globe are very volatile and uncertain. We have had significant correction in Indian markets in very short span of time and trading on Nifty seems to be a bit challenging at the start of this December series. Hence InvestorZclub is recommending a strategy on individual stock rather than NIFTY which seems to be quite certain and safe.
Traders can consider selling 440 Call of Bharti Airtel december 2011 series at the current market premium of Rs. 1.00.

The logic behind this strategy is: 

Sharad Pawar Slapped by Harvinder Singh - Pics, Images and Videos

Harvinder Singh today gave a tight slap to the Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar after a public event here shouting slogans against corruption and price rise, after breaking into a group of journalists.

71-year-old Pawar was caught unaware when he was slapped by the youth, a local transporter in his thirties who had assaulted former Telecom Minister Sukh Ram outside a court on Saturday after he was sentenced in a corruption case.

Cabinet approves FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in Retail: Multi-brand 50 while Single Brand 100 percent

Union Cabinet clears 100% FDI in single brand retail, and 50% in multi-brand retail. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Left, UPA ally Trinamool Congress along with some Cabinet ministers Veerappa Moily and Mukul Wasnik have opposed it. The BJP favours a fragmented market so that the consumers have a wide choice and feels consolidated markets make the consumer captive.  

India Inc Q2 FY 2011 - 2012 Performance

Indian companies, as expected, faired very poorely in the september quarter of current fiscal year 2011 - 2012.

A quick analysis of the quarterly result of some 3000 companies revealed following facts:



 - Revenues went up by around 1.7% QoQ and 20% YoY.
 - Interest Costs went up by around 9% QoQ and 47% YoY. 
 - Net Profit fell around 9% QoQ and 36% YoY

Dairy Industry in India - Assocham Report

Due to rapid increase in domestic demand for milk and milk based products, the dairy industry in India is likely to reach about Rs 5 lakh crore by 2015, according to recently published ASSOCHAM report.

Milk production in India is likely to reach around 190 million tonne by 2015 from current level of around 123 million tonne, says the report.

"India is world’s largest milk producer and accounts for approximately 20% of total milk production of the world but almost all of it gets consumed domestically,” said DS Rawat, secretary general of Assocham.

Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh are leading milk producing States in India. 

ITC 10 years financial highlight at a glance

ITC Ltd with a market capitalisation of over US $ 33 billion and a turnover of US $ 7 billion is rated among the World's Best Big Companies and ranks among India's 10 Most Valuable Company.

ITC has a diversified presence in Cigarettes, Hotels, Paperboards & Specialty Papers, Packaging, Agri-Business, Packaged Foods & Confectionery, Information Technology, Branded Apparel, Personal Care, Stationery, Safety Matches and other FMCG products.  

ITC Annual Report FY 2010 - 2011: PDF

ITC, India's largest Tobacco company, has published the annual report for the fiscal year 2011.

Download the PDF version of the annual report using the following link: 

DLF Annual Report FY 2010 - 2011: PDF

DLF, India's largest real estate developer, has published the annual report for the fiscal year ended March 2011.

Download the PDF version of the annual report using the following link:

Pros and Cons of Gold ETF Investment

Gold ETFs are relatively new option and are not as popular as physical Gold. Investors who usually invest using demat account are aware of this option. They provide easy access to gold investment without having the burden of physically owning it.  

Top 10 Traded Stocks in India - A Report by Religare

Top trading stocks in India 2011 - 2012 : A Research Report by Religare, India's leading financial Institution.

Companies inside report:

Common mistakes to avoid while Investing

We all commit mistakes, sometimes minor sometimes big. Minor mistakes can be amended. But there are some mistakes that will prove to be very, very costly and cannot be easily amended! Investment is one such tricky area where you just cannot afford to go wrong! So, what should you do before making an investment? Well, here’s a list of the six common investing mistakes that you should avoid!

DLF Q2 FY 2011 - 2012 Result Analysis

DLF Ltd, India's largest real estate developer, has reported a consolidated net profit of Rs 372 crore in the second quarter of FY12, a fall of 11% as compared to Rs 418.4 crore in the corresponding quarter of last fiscal., due to slowing sales, high interest rates and rising costs.

Consolidated net sales of the company increased 6.9% to Rs 2,532 crore versus Rs 2,369 crore during the same period.

The stock has been an outperformer in the past 3 months and have been moving in an upward trending channel (as shown below). The upmove was confirmed after it crossed the strong resistance area of 210. Considering the fact that interest rate cycle in India has topped out, the stock can perform well in coming months. 

Tata Steel Q2 FY 2011 - 2012 Result Analysis

Tata Steel, India's largest steel producer, today reported 89% drop in consolidated net profits for the second quarter of current fiscal at Rs. 212 crores vs. Rs. 1,979 crores in Q2 of previous fiscal. However the consolidated sales for the same period went up by 15.5% to Rs. 8,212 crores vs Rs. 7,107 crores sales in Q2 of previous fiscal.
 
Group EBITDA in Q2 FY’12 at 2,944 crores was 34.5% lower than the 4,497 crores recorded in Q2 FY’11. The Group EBITDA in Q2 FY’12 declined on account of higher global raw materials costs and lower average selling prices at Tata Steel Europe. 

Italian bond yield chart: Hits all time high of 7%

Yields on 10-year Italian bonds rose to 7.4% on Wednesday (9th Nov 2011), as investors lost faith in the world's third-biggest sovereign-bond market. This is the highest ever yield seen on Italy's bonds.

The surge in yields came after clearing house LCH.Clearnet raised margin calls on Italian bonds, making them more expensive to trade. Portugal and Ireland were forced to seek financial bailouts after their bond yields exceeded 7%, a level many market analysts consider unsustainable.

The instability of Italy's political situation could increase the yields close to double digits in coming weeks. At 7% or 8% Italy could find it difficult to raise sufficient money on the bond market, and hence might require massive International financial assistance.

Moody Downgrades Indian Banking System

Moody’s Corporation, the global ratings firm,  has downgraded the outlook of the Indian banking system to "negative" from "stable" because of deteriorating asset quality and inadequate capitalisation, specially for the public sector banks.

Moody’s Vice-President and Senior Analyst Vineet Gupta said. that due to deteriorating asset quality, banks will need to increase provisioning significantly in FY2012 and FY2013.

On the positive side, however, the rating firm has recognised that India banks’ stable customer deposit base and their high level of government securities holdings provides them with a "resilient funding and liquidity profile" that buffers them against destabilising shocks. 

TCS wins $2.2 billion BPO deal from Friends Life

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), India's largest software services exporter, has won a $2.2 billion deal from UK based Insurance provider 'Friends Life'.

The 15-year contract from Friends Life for TCS unit Diligenta comes as the Indian IT sector looks to overcome stiff competition and a gloomy economic outlook.
Europe is the second largest market for the software firms, and the euro zone debt crisis is a worry for the sector that has been looking to increase its sales to the region to hedge against their excessive exposure to the United States.

Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) Q2 FY 2011 - 2012 Result Analysis

Indian Oil Corp. today registered its biggest ever quarterly loss of Rs. 7,490 crore in the July-September quarter and warned of supply disruptions if the government fails to compensate the company for selling fuels below cost. Together with Rs. 3,719 crore loss in the first quarter, IOC has seen the worst ever net loss in the first half of current fiscal.

IOC lost Rs. 11,757 crore on selling diesel, domestic LPG and kerosene below cost in the second quarter. Of this, it had to absorb Rs. 7,837 crore after accounting for dole-out of Rs. 4,300 crore from upstream firms like ONGC.

SBI Annual Report FY 2010 - 2011 : PDF

State Bank of India (SBI), the country's largest public sector lender has published the annual report for the fiscal Year 2011.

To download the annual report use the following link: SBI Annual Report 2011

Google PageRank Update November - 2011

Google recently updated the PageRank of my blog on 7th November 2011. The last time it updated was on 27th June 2011. The PageRank algorithm of google is run at regular intervals to update the importance of a page in the web world.

To check the page rank of your website or blog, install the google toolbar and hover on the bar beside search (as shown below) to see the importance of your blog or website in google's view.

SBI Q2 FY 2011 - 2012 Result Analysis

State Bank of India, posted a 12% rise in net profit at Rs 2,810 crore for the second quarter of current fiscal year. It reported Rs 2,501.4 crore in the same period a year ago.

Net interest income rose 4.6% to Rs 10,422 crore as against Rs 9,958 crore in September 2010.

The Magic Multiple

Benjamin Graham spent decades analysing thousands of companies and documented the values investing framework. He introduced a new multiple at a later stage to make life easy for investors who want to pick potential winners from a large number of stocks. He gave the following formula to calculate this magic multiple:

Magic Multiple = Price Earning Ratio (PE) * Price to Book Ratio (PBV)

This multiple helps avoid confusion when one ratio indicates that a stock is cheap while the other shows that it is costly.  

Total number of demat accounts in india reaches 20 million

The total number of demat accounts in India (A/C that is used to keep share certificates in electronic form), is inching towards 20 million or 2 crore mark, as more than 1 miilion new accounts were opened this year so far till October 2011.

At the end of Oct 2011, the total number of demat accounts as maintained by NSDL and CSDL stood at around 1.97 crore mark up from about 1.86 crore as on Dec 2010.

However the rate of increase in the number of investors account have slowed down significantly from the recent years.

Canara bank total business

Total business of Canara bank as on Sep 2011 reached 5,30,515 crores, recording a YoY growth of 24.8%. Total deposit increased to Rs. 3,12,577 crores.

Current Account Savings Account (CASA) deposits for the bank stands at 80,775 crores or 26.7% of total domestic deposits.
 
RBI recently deregulated the interest rates on Savings Account which could impact the margins of the bank going forward.

Corporate Fixed Deposits: Things to know before investing

Company deposits or popularly known as Corporate FDs are the debt instruments offered by companies to public. These deposits are similar to bank fixed deposits but usually carry higher than bank's average fixed deposit rates and thus attract lot of investors. But it should be remembered that just assurance of a fixed return doesen't make company FDs risk free.
 
If the company is financially weak, they may not even be able to pay interest, at times, even the principal amount. In the 1990s, many investors lost their hard-earned savings because they were lured by high returns and didn't try to understand how the company would generate the money to repay the deposits.

So what is the risk of default?

Cognizant (CTS) Q3 FY 2011 - 2012 Result and Valuation Analysis

Cognizant Technology Solutions (CTSH:US) reported 31.6% YoY growth in revenue at $1.601 billion in Q3 of current fiscal vs Q3 of last fiscal. Sequentially the revenue was up 7.8% in comparison to Q2 of current fiscal. GAAP net income came in at $227.1 million in 2011 vs $203.7 million in 2010. Fully diluted EPS stands at $0.73 for the current quarter.
 
Cognizant is expecting Q4 revenue at $1.66 billion and full year revenue at $6.11 billion, a growth of around 33% compared to last year. The company expects current fiscal EPS at $2.88 on GAAP basis.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) ebook pdf

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is by far the most important learning for any webmaster, as the success of your blog or website is dependent on the fact that if your web asset is not visible in search then there is very high chance that it will not succeed.

I started this Stock Market blog in 2010 and have been learning SEO, since then, to optimize my blog for search engines. After implementing various techniques (as outlined in the SEO ebook) in the past 1 year my blog traffic has increased by 4000% in last 6 months. More than 90% of my blog's traffic comes from Google, Bing and Yahoo. Rest of the traffic comes from subscribers and referrals.

Experts suggest that SEO is a continuous process and cannot be done in a day. It should be practiced with patience and the result of the optimization is not visible immediately. Search Engines take time to notice the optimization and adjust the ranking of the website or blog in search results.

Following ebook on SEO by google is by far the best SEO tutorial for beginners and advanced users who want to understand the working of search engines and optimize their web asset for Google, Bing , Yahoo and other search engines. 

Jon Corzine, CEO MF Global, Short Biography

Jon Corzine was born in 1947 and grew up on a small farm in central Illinois. After graduating from the University of Illinois in 1969 and earning an MBA from the University of Chicago in 1973, he moved to Columbus, Ohio to work in banking.

In 1975, Corzine moved to New Jersey and took a job as a securities trader at Goldman Sachs in New York. In 1980 he became a partner at Goldman. Rising rapidly through the ranks, he became chairman and CEO of Goldman Sachs in 1994.

As CEO, Jon Corzine transformed Goldman Sachs from a private partnership to a public company. The IPO of Goldman stock created a huge windfall for the partners, including Corzine. Jon Corzine's current personal wealth is estimated at around $600 million.

MF Global files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

MF Global (Man Financials) has filed for bankruptcy on 30th Oct 2011 after a tentative deal with a buyer fell apart. The bankruptcy makes MF Global the most prominent US casualty after Lehman Brothers which collapsed at the height of the US financial crisis in 2008. The New York Federal Reserve suspended MF Global from conducting new business with the central bank.  

NIFTY Trading Strategy: November 2011

Option Traders can Sell November contract of NIFTY 5700 Call at the current market premium of Rs. 13.


Considering the fact that NIFTY has had very sharp runup of more than 12% in a very short span of time it is highly unlikely that the index will jump another 6% in a month without spending time in consolidation. Also 5650 would be a significant resistance for the index considering the fact that the index has been making lower tops and lower bottom since 5th November 2010 and 5650 was the recent top made by the index (see the nifty ladder analysis here).
 
Return from this trading strategy:

Block Deals by Mutual Funds in India - October 2011

IVRCL, Marg Constructions, TV 18 broadcast and many other stocks witnessed bulk buying and selling by mutual funds in the month of October 2011 which was a fairly turbulent month in terms of stock market performance in India and globally. Following are the details of stocks and funds involved in block deals in Oct 2011. 

Top 10 Stocks to Invest in India in 2011 - 2012: Religare Research Report

The Religare research team has come out with a list top 10 stock ideas having strong and sustainable growth potential in coming years.

The list includes names such as Bajaj Electricals, PNB, Petronet LNG, Gujarat Gas and 6 others.  

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